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Public-Private Partnership as a Solution for Competition Restrictions for Local Governments in Finland journal article

Paukku Eelis

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 15 (2020), Issue 4, Page 292 - 300

This article aims to find out how Finnish legislation allows usage of PPPs by local governments. This study was conducted by analysing the main features of PPPs from literature as well as analysing EU and national legislation. The main findings of the study were that the most significant legislation is EU public procurement legislation, which sets a framework on how the public can acquire the skills and problem-solving from the private sector. The procurement method called ‘the competitive dialogue’ has proven to be effective in PPPs. As there are many different forms of PPPs, it is possible that other legislation can create issues with PPPs as well, mainly EU State aid regulation, national, local government regulation, and national competition regulation. As a main result, it can be stated that regulation does not prevent or even hinder the usage of PPPs as long as legal requirements are taken account and markets are not unnecessarily disturbed. Keywords: public-private partnership; PPP; State aid; public procurement; local government regulation; competitive dialogue

Opinion ∙ Unsolicited Proposals for PPPs in Developing Economies journal article

Iryna Zapatrina

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 14 (2019), Issue 2, Page 118 - 128

One of the features of the legal regulation quality in the field of PPP is the interest of business in the implementation of infrastructure projects using this mechanism. At the initial stage of the PPP development, this interest is expressed in the active participation of business in competitions for the implementation of PPP projects and / or in the preparation of unsolicited proposals (USPs). At the next stage, in the number of successful PPP projects. In conditions when the public authorities do not make efforts to structure PPP projects, it is business who takes the initiative by starting the preparation and submission of unsolicited proposals. The attitude to such proposals by the public authorities and the expert community is very different. In a number of countries, including Ukraine, there are many discussions about the expediency of USPs and the approaches that should be used when considering them. This article presents an analysis of various points of view regarding unsolicited proposals; an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of USPs compared with the proposals prepared on the initiative of public authorities; the author’s observations regarding the potential of using this mechanism to achieve the public interest and recommendations on how some of the problems existing in this area could be resolved. Keywords: Public-Private Partnership (PPP); PPP proposals; Unsolicited Proposals (USP); Infrastructure Projects, Public Interest.

Boosting Investments in Nigerian PPPs through Better Mitigation of Project Risks journal article

George Nwangwu

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 2, Page 103 - 112

Nigeria currently has a number of seemingly commercially viable PPP projects which have not attracted financing from private sector investors, despite the best efforts of the government at marketing these projects. The apathy from investors is due to the manner in which the project risks have been managed. Prospective investors have simply not been comfortable with the risk allocation framework underpinning these projects as there has been no conscious effort to incentivise investors through the proper allocation and mitigation of risks. The paper looks at the correlation between investments and the proper management of project risks and suggests ways in which investments in PPP projects within Nigeria may be catalyzed.

Characteristics of the Legal Framework for Serbian PPPs journal article

Slavica Joković

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 2, Page 113 - 118

This paper reviews the main characteristics of the legal framework regarding public-private partnerships in Serbia, with particular reference to the Law on Public-Private Partnership and Concessions. It notes that compliance with the new EU Directives will require adequate implementation capacity and systematic monitoring and control, in order to implement it effectively and reduce the scope for corruption.

An Appraisal of the Framework for Public Private Partnership in South Africa journal article

Augustine Arimoro

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 214 - 228

Huge infrastructure gaps in many countries in the face of budget deficits as well as the need to tap into private sector capital and management expertise are the main reasons why governments across the world adopt the public-private partnership (PPP) model of infrastructure procurement. The first structured PPP arrangement in South Africa dates to 1997 and since then, South Africa has maintained a leading position in PPP administration and regulation in sub-Saharan Africa. As such, the model in South Africa can serve as a template for other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The paper discusses the legal and regulatory framework for PPP in the country and recommends that the process in South Africa be made simpler and transparent to encourage more interests from both foreign and domestic investors. Keywords: PPP Framework; Infrastructure; Investment; Investor; Public Procurement.