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Is the Authorisation of the Conclusion of a Contract an Interim or a Permanent Measure? journal article

The Hungarian Case

Ádám Auer

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 4, Page 295 - 304

The review phase of public procurement procedures provides the opportunity for taking interim measures. This study shall scrutinise one of these legal institutions. Authorisation of the conclusion of a contract may be requested during the remedy phase of a public procurement procedure before the Hungarian Public Procurement Arbitration Board (PPAB). Under which circumstances is it possible to make such a request? What are the reasonings, grounded on which the PPAB shall establish its decision? The topicality of this study is that the Hungarian Constitutional Court basically has not deemed this peculiar legal institution interim by nature. The legislator must provide for legal remedy in connection to the type of interim measure being scrutinised hereby. Keywords: public interest, public procurement contract, null and void contract, interim measure, Hungary



Self-Cleaning in EU Public Procurement Law and Its Transposition into Polish Law journal article

Aldona Kowalczyk, Aleksandra Sołtysińska

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 3, Page 181 - 192

The concept of self-cleaning was introduced into Polish and EU public procurement law relatively recently though, earlier, many EU Member States and international institutions saw the need to allow errant contractors to show contrition and goodwill by adopting voluntary remedial measures. Numerous doubts attach to specific remedial measures, timeframes and documents needed for a contractor’s recovery of good standing, and to contractors participating in several tenders simultaneously. This article seeks to both propose the imposition of some sort of order on the self-cleaning regime and respond to issues arising in everyday practice and jurisprudence. Keywords: public procurement, self-cleaning, exclusion grounds


E-Procurement for PPPs and Concessions: journal article

Current Trends and Opportunities

Bruno de Cazalet, Iryna Zapatrina

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 2, Page 131 - 150

Recently, also due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the issue of using e-procurement is becoming more and more relevant for all countries around the world, and especially for EU Member States implementing the requirements of the Directives on public procurement. The substantial advantages of the use of electronic procedures for public procurement for reduction of tender costs and better prices, the possibility to avoid misuse, collusion and corruption, led some countries to explore opportunities to adapt the traditional e-procurement experience for public-private partnership (PPP) and concession tenders. Today, the regulation in this field is practically absent and the experience is very limited. This article presents: an analysis of the situation regarding current regulation, experience in electronic PPP procurement implementation, and trends; the peculiarities of PPP procurement compared to traditional public procurement; the difficulties related to PPP procurement as e-procurement; and the recommendations of authors on the use of electronic procurements for PPPs and concessions based on the peculiarities of a project implemented using relevant mechanisms. Keywords: public-private partnership; PPP; public procurement; electronic procurement; e-procurement; digitalisation


Accession to the WTO’s Government Procurement Agreement: journal article

Opportunities and Challenges for India

Mukesh Rawat, KD Raju

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 2, Page 158 - 171

In the contemporary era, public procurement has become a central pillar of the international economy. The WTO’s Agreement on Public Procurement (GPA) has emerged as a vital tool for harmonising and integrating the global public procurement market. Presently, India is an observer to the GPA, which is a preliminary first step in acceding to the agreement. This article provides an analysis of the regulatory mechanism of public procurement in India. It aims to underline the potential opportunities and legal challenges in the accession to the public procurement agreement. It argues that India should align its procurement policy on the principles of GPA, and accession to it should be a part of its trade policy. Keywords: public procurement; trade law; WTO; Agreement on Government Procurement and Public Policy; India




Deus Ex Machina? journal article

Some Remarks on Public Procurement in the Second Machine Age

Paweł Nowicki

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 15 (2020), Issue 1, Page 53 - 60

The ‘Second Machine Age’ is a term created by two MIT professors, Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, and means the time of emerging technologies: artificial intelligence, machine learning, neurotechnology, biotechnology, virtual reality, Big Data, Internet of Things, blockchain, etc. Emerging technologies are seemingly not related to law, and in particular to public procurement law, but enter into complex relationships with legal regulation. This paper aims to introduce both the opportunities and challenges that some of these technologies (AI, blockchain, smart contracts) create for public procurement praxis, showing that it’s not deus ex machina. New technologies will undoubtedly enrich and improve the public procurement system, but they also raise legitimate ethical and legal concerns. Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Machine learning; Blockchain; Smart contracts; Future of public procurement; Digitalisation.


Administrative Arbitration in Public Procurement in Portugal: State-of-the-Art journal article

Ricardo Pedro

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 15 (2020), Issue 3, Page 225 - 235

In recent years Portugal has developed diferent regimes of public arbitration, especially in administrative law. The option to find an alternative to the courts, namely to solve conflits in public procurement is an ongoing project and naturaly a solution with advantages and disavantages. This study deals with some aspects of the general theory of administrative arbitration: not only the traditional matters, but also the recent changes to the Portuguese Code of Procedure in Administrative Courts (CPTA), as well as other aspects that we believe should deserve greater attention from the Authors. In addition, the rules on arbitration set out in the Portuguese Public Procurement Code are addressed. Finally, some notes are included on urgent administrative arbitration, in particular on the regime of ‘pre-contractual arbitration litigation’ resulting from the recent amendments to the CPTA. Keywords: administrative arbitration, urgency, public procurement, administrative procedure, appeals of arbitration decisions


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