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Human Rights in Public Procurement journal article

Protecting them Properly?

Ragnhild Lunner

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 198 - 206

The increased focus on sustainability in public procurement is reflected in the revised EU public procurement directives from 2014. However, even though the EU lawmakers have underlined the importance of enabling smart, inclusive and sustainable growth, and aspired to provide a tool box for contract authorities who would like to do so, the lack of clear guidance may lead to the scope of action not being used. It may even impede contracting authorities from taking human rights issues and sustainable development into account when procuring goods, services and works. This article analyses some of the developments and innovations in the public procurement Directive 2014/24/EU, hereunder technical specifications, life-cycle costing and exclusion, with the aim of commenting on obstacles and opportunities with regards to promoting human rights through the public procurement process. Keywords: Public procurement; Human rights; Life-cycle cost; Technical specifications; Fair trade

The Italian Mechanism of Paid Assistance in Compiling Procurement Documentation journal article

Annotation on the judgment of the Court of Justice (Eighth Chamber) of 28 February 2018 in joined Cases C‑523/16 and C‑536/16 MA.T.I. SUD SpA v Centostazioni SpA and Duemme SGR SpA v Associazione Cassa Nazionale di Previdenza e Assistenza in favore dei Ragionieri e Periti Commerciali (CNPR)

Marco Ceruti

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 234 - 240

Smart Cities and Innovation Partnership journal article

A New Way of Pursuing Economic Wealth and Social Welfare

Andrea Castelli

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 207 - 213

In the last decade, the Smart Cities debate has been characterized by a continuous and significant development, giving rise to a wide range of definitions with the purpose of identifying the exact perimeter of the phenomenon. This included determining the processes needed to transform an urban agglomeration into a ‘smart’ city through the development of new technologies and innovation with a social purpose. With the intent of pursuing those targets and creating a model of organization designed to evaluate problems linked to the environmental protection and commercial evolution (and, as a result, to increase the quality of life of people that live in it), the EU introduced a new plan of development (the Europe 2020 program) encouraging public administrations to extend the use of instruments that were already part of the European Union legal system (like the Pre-commercial Procurement, a kind of public-private partnership) and to test new ones, like innovation partnership, introduced by Directive 2014/24/EU on public procurement. This paper aims at analysing the impact of innovation partnership in the European countries, with particular reference to Italy, considering also a comparative perspective between different approaches on the evolution and development of Smart Cities. Keywords: Public procurement; Europe 2020 Strategy; Directive 2014/24/EU; Innovation partnership; Smart Cities

The Future for Public Sector Procurement Law in the Post-Brexit Period journal article open-access

Miltiades C. Elliotis

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 2, Page 91 - 102

After the UK’s momentous vote to leave the EU, in June 2016, a significant number of public sector officials, began wondering about the future of public procurement in the UK and in the EU, during the post-Brexit period. The consequences of Brexit in this area, as in many others, are in fact difficult to predict; they depend essentially on future political decisions, particularly on the UK’s relationship with the EU. What is clear is that the current procurement regulations will remain in the UK as they are, during the negotiating period , which will probably last until the end of 2019. How will procurement be regulated after that? Certainly, there will be no change in procurement regulations in the EU. What about the corresponding UK regulations? One realistic possibility is that the UK will negotiate a trade agreement with the EU that covers public procurement. Therefore, this could allow the UK to apply the EU procurement regime exactly as it is now. This means that the UK will leave the EU but still be a party to the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement. Consequently, there will be no change in the procurement regulations in the UK since in essence the EEA applies the same rules on public procurement as the EU does. A second option is for the UK to negotiate another type of trade arrangement with the EU which would certainly include public procurement provisions and it is possible, that these would be the same as those under EU/EEA rules. A third possibility is that the UK will not conclude any specific trade agreement with the EU but that UK trade will be based simply on commitments under the WTO agreements such as the Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trades (GATT) that currently apply for the UK as part of the EU. A final option is for the UK not to commit to any trade agreements that constrain its strategy for regulating public procurement. This means that with this option it will be difficult to predict the final form of UK public procurement law. All these scenarios are discussed in the present work.

Non-legal Barriers to Sustainable Public Procurement in Poland journal article

Beata Faracik

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 184 - 197

Despite many efforts being put in the recent years into the reform of the public procurement legislation both at the European and national level in Poland, the increase in the use of sustainable public procurement is disproportionally low. This article looks therefore at the non-legal barriers that affect the use of the sustainable public procurement (including, although not exclusively social clauses, green clauses), based on the research conducted in Poland. It concludes with suggestions of possible solutions and role of non-state actors in stimulating the use of Sustainable Public Procurement. Keywords: Sustainable public procurement; Social clauses; Non-legal barriers; Human rights; Poland.

The Possibility to Reserve a Public Contract under the New European Public Procurement Legal Framework journal article

Ioan Baciu

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 4, Page 307 - 325

Over the years, and owing to a dramatic change in the social configuration of our continent, the initial arrangement consecrated by the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community of 1957 has evolved, from an essentially economic structure, to an amazingly complex edifice defined by the ‘social market economy’. In this new context, public procurement has been given a central role, as a strategic tool in the implementation of various key social policy objectives. Only this has actually placed it deep in the clash between the traditional internal market rules and those pertaining to EU’s social policies. This article tries to spot the concrete place occupied in the described setting by the possibility to reserve a public contract (an institution discriminatory in its very essence) and how this valuable instrument has been transposed into the national legal framework of Member States. It also aims at showing how, in spite of the fact that, by the adoption of Articles 20 and 77 of Directive 2014/24, the general competition rules haven’t been annihilated but just adapted so to better correspond to the new EU landscape, the solution chosen by several Member States for transposition has in fact perverted their original purpose just to offer sufficient leeway for discrimination based on nationality grounds. Keywords: Public contract reserve; Discrimination; Social policy; Strategic public procurement.

An Examination of the Legal Framework for Public Procurement in Nigeria journal article

Uche Nnawulezi

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 4, Page 338 - 343

This paper examines the legal framework for public procurement in Nigeria. Basically, the paper examines the applicable legislative framework to public procurement in Nigeria by looking at other statutes containing provisions that, though not specifically focused on public purchase, nevertheless very important to the way government goes about its fiduciary relationship and responsibility in public purchase and acquisition. Consequently, there has been a plethora of constitutional, statutory and administrative provisions, regulations and standards that must be adhered to in public procurement. Aside the above provisions, this paper notes that public procurement is not an item for legislation under the executive and concurrent lists. This paper relied on documentary evidence and hence scooped many secondary sources including research reports emanating from public procurement. More importantly, necessary recommendations are made. The paper concludes that the essence of enacting public procurement law is to ensure the establishment of a regulatory authority, responsible for harmonizing government policies on procurement in Nigeria. Keywords: Public Procurement; Legal Framework; Nigeria; Regulatory Authority.

Procurement and Concession Law in Belgium journal article

State of Play and Particularities

Steven Van Garsse

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 4, Page 293 - 300

Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts and public procurement Directives 2014/24 and 2014/25 were transposed into the Belgian legal system by the Public Procurement Act of 17 June 2016 and the Concession Act of 17 June 2016. The legislation entered into force on 30 June 2017. The main features of the public procurement and concessions regulations are in line with the European Directives. Belgian public procurement and concession rules are not a slavishly copy of the directives however. This contribution discusses some particularities and choices made by the Belgian legislator. A number of provisions are criticized, especially as doubts arise as to their compatibility with European Law. Keywords: Public Procurement; Concessions; Legislation; Implementation; Particularities.

An Appraisal of the Framework for Public Private Partnership in South Africa journal article

Augustine Arimoro

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 13 (2018), Issue 3, Page 214 - 228

Huge infrastructure gaps in many countries in the face of budget deficits as well as the need to tap into private sector capital and management expertise are the main reasons why governments across the world adopt the public-private partnership (PPP) model of infrastructure procurement. The first structured PPP arrangement in South Africa dates to 1997 and since then, South Africa has maintained a leading position in PPP administration and regulation in sub-Saharan Africa. As such, the model in South Africa can serve as a template for other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The paper discusses the legal and regulatory framework for PPP in the country and recommends that the process in South Africa be made simpler and transparent to encourage more interests from both foreign and domestic investors. Keywords: PPP Framework; Infrastructure; Investment; Investor; Public Procurement.

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