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The Exclusion of Third-Country Suppliers from EU Public Procurement Procedures:

The Romanian Case

Ioan Baciu


Keywords: China, third-country bidders, Romania

As a matter of principle, suppliers and goods originating in the European Economic Area, in parties to the WTO’s Government Procurement Agreement, or to a bilateral agreement concluded with the EU, are protected against any forms of discrimination based on the grounds of nationality, similar to those coming from the EU. Suppliers originating in other countries, falling outside the scope of Article 25 of Directive 2014/24, cannot, however, be guaranteed the same form of protection. The access of the latter to procurement procedures in the EU may hence be blocked, but this essentially is a prerogative of each national government and of each contracting authority. On the other hand, confronted with an assault by Chinese companies which have managed to capture a dangerously big share of the EU public procurement market, the Commission started an active campaign on several fronts. More recently, the Commission decided to make a substantial effort in convincing Member States to come forward with concrete measures by which to restrict in an effective manner the access of third-country and, in particular, Chinese, suppliers to the EU procurement market. In response, the Romanian Government adopted in April 2021 a new set of laws providing for the automatic exclusion from the award procedures of all suppliers residing in one of the countries listed therein. Beyond its immediate economic effect, this measure could create some serious blockages in the market with unimaginable consequences, especially in times of crisis such as the recent Covid-19 pandemic.
Keywords: China; third-country bidders; Romania

Ioan Baciu, PhD, is a Managing Associate of Rubin Meyer Doru & Trandafir, L.P.C., Bucharest, affiliated with Herzfeld & Rubin, L.P.C, New York, country correspondent for EPPPL, researcher at the Centre for Good Governance Studies, Babes Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania and a former member of the Commission Stakeholder Expert Group on Public Procurement. For correspondence: <>.


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