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The UK’s Green Paper on Post-Brexit Public Procurement Reform: journal article

Transformation or Overcomplication?

Albert Sanchez-Graells

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 1, Page 4 - 18

In December 2020, seeking to start cashing in on its desired ‘Brexit dividends’, the UK Government published the Green Paper ‘Transforming Public Procurement’. The Green Paper sets out a blueprint for the reform of UK public procurement law that aims to depart from the regulatory baseline of EU law and deliver a much-touted ‘bonfire of procurement red tape’. The Green Paper seeks ‘to speed up and simplify [UK] procurement processes, place value for money at their heart, and unleash opportunities for small businesses, charities and social enterprises to innovate in public service delivery’. The Green Paper aims to do so by creating ‘a progressive, modern regime which can adapt to the fastmoving environment in which business operates’ underpinned by ‘a culture of continuous improvement to support more resilient, diverse and innovative supply chains.’ I argue that the Green Paper has very limited transformative potential and that its proposals merely represent an ‘EU law +’ approach to the regulation of public procurement that would only result in an overcomplicated regulatory infrastructure, additional administrative burdens for both public buyers and economic operators, and tensions and contradictions in the oversight model. I conclude that a substantial rethink is needed if the Green Paper’s goals are to be achieved. Keywords: public procurement; reform; deregulation; green paper; transforming public procurement; Brexit


Joining Up the Strands: journal article

Making the Purposes of Public Procurement Regulations Deliverable

Stuart Addy

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 1, Page 19 - 29

There have been many major studies and reports into Public Sector Procurement (PSP) in the United Kingdom (UK). Most are commissioned by and led by appointees from central government and often follow media criticism, making recommendations that are used to amend strategy which is then mandated in legislation. There appears to be a belief that PSP must be managed from the ‘top’ and that it can only be improved or affected by mandate and legislation. The legislation is written to favour the buyer or to respond to specific criticisms from suppliers, rather than being written from the outset with both in mind. There has been little effort reported seeking to create a framework that embraces both, just as there is little evidence that the experiences of the procurement officers are taken into account when amendments to legislation, regulation and procedure are made. This article suggests some implications and possible remedies. Keywords: procurement; commissioning; risk-aversion; innovation




Self-Cleaning in EU Public Procurement Law and Its Transposition into Polish Law journal article

Aldona Kowalczyk, Aleksandra Sołtysińska

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 3, Page 181 - 192

The concept of self-cleaning was introduced into Polish and EU public procurement law relatively recently though, earlier, many EU Member States and international institutions saw the need to allow errant contractors to show contrition and goodwill by adopting voluntary remedial measures. Numerous doubts attach to specific remedial measures, timeframes and documents needed for a contractor’s recovery of good standing, and to contractors participating in several tenders simultaneously. This article seeks to both propose the imposition of some sort of order on the self-cleaning regime and respond to issues arising in everyday practice and jurisprudence. Keywords: public procurement, self-cleaning, exclusion grounds


Will FinTech Cause a Reconsideration of the Administrative and International Law Governing Public Procurement? journal article

Bryane Michael

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 3, Page 229 - 239

Regulators should not just leave FinTech rulemaking up to financial regulators. Contracting authorities should not just develop or use their own selected FinTech applications willy-nilly. They should contribute to overall changes in a procurement law -which extend far beyond simple supervisory or regulatory technologies (RegTech/SupTech). Governments should get serious about the Agreement on Government Procurement and similar treaties - by creating a new authority to help develop the law needed to put FinTech-enabled procurement platforms in place. China’s own world-leading FinTech and cross-border public procurements do not always contribute to a global level playing field. Any FinTech applications facilitating public procurement should thus encourage compliance with the procurement law legal principles the international community has developed over decades. Keywords: public procurement, financial technology, FinTech


A Glance into Smart Cities and the Procurement of AI Based Solutions journal article

Ana Lucia Jaramillo, Katerina Nikolaidou

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 3, Page 220 - 228

The public sector in Europe can make use of artificial intelligence (AI) to boost its digital transformation. To improve public services in alignment with the European democratic values, principles and rights, public procurement can leverage the innovation of AI for the public good. Both AI and the Internet of Things (IoT), fueled with quality data, offer new possibilities to spark the innovative power of a city, a Smart City. The potential of AI is at the tip of our mobile phones and the connection to networks where data is shared. This can be useful to citizens and administrations, but not without challenges and risks. Therefore, this article explores what a Smart City is, and the benefits and risks of AI based solutions in the context of Innovation Procurement. It offers examples and refers to legal and ethical frameworks for the reuse of data. Keywords: data, artificial intelligence, smart cities, innovation procurement


Business and Human Rights: journal article

The State as a Buyer

Ezgi Uysal

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 1, Page 52 - 64

Under the UN Guiding Principles (UNGPs), states are advised to be in a commercial relationship with economic actors that are considerate of their human rights influence. Given the amount of taxpayers’ money spent on procurement, public authorities can use their leverage to add social considerations into the procurement process. This article sets out whether public authorities can use their leverage to invite businesses to respect human rights as provided with the UNGPs. After providing an overview of the UNGPs and the EU approach, this article analyses the EU Public Procurement Directive adopted in 2014 which has promoted sustainability concerns with the use of green and socially responsible public procurement. It then establishes, that although prescribed under the Guiding Principles, the EU regime does not always allow human rights concerns to be integrated into the procurement. Keywords: UNGPs; business and human rights; public procurement; sustainability


The Development and Critical Junctures of EU Public Procurement Rules Vis-à-Vis the Prevention of Bid Rigging journal article

Penelope Giosa

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 1, Page 39 - 51

This article argues that the prevention of bid rigging has not been factored into the policy design of the EU Public Procurement Rules in a systematic and consistent way. As it will be shown, the critical junctures of EU Public Procurement Rules did not emerge alongside the anti-cartel legislation in Europe, but entirely independently of the latter. As a result, the current European Public Sector Directive 2014/24/EU is not adequately collusion proof and there is still a long way to go. Keywords: bid rigging; collusion; EU Procurement Directives; competition; transparency


The Portuguese Covid-19 Public Procurement Rules journal article

Raquel Carvalho

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 1, Page 30 - 38

The Covid-19 pandemic has been a driver of new State legislation in several fields. This article addresses the special public procurement rules enacted in this context, including some challenges such not-so-reflected legislation raised. The ‘successive’ exceptional public procurement regime implies very complex hermeneutics regarding both the subjective and objective scope of application and the discretionary legal requirements established therein. The key measure is a particular direct award regime that has raised some doubts regarding the need for such solutions when compared to those in the Directive. There has already been some monitoring of the regime’s implementation that has underlined the need to continue monitoring ‘the planning, the implementation and management of the public emergency answer’. Keywords: Covid-19; state of emergency; special public procurement rules